Dal combattente a Omar Gatlato: Modelli di mascolinità nell’Algeria indipendente

  • Jolanda Guardi University of Macerata
Keywords: Algeria, war of independence, Algerian cinema, Omar Gatlato


Shortly after independence (1962), Algeria put in place different political discourses in order to strengthen the new citizens’ identity. Among these the discourse about manhood was crucial and focused especially on the muǧāhid, the fighter, whose fighting allowed Algerian to conquer freedom and independence. Therefore, manhood became a political ideal engaging social and political dynamics devoted to define the man-woman relationships. Moreover, it helped constructing a collective and normative imaginary in line with the hegemonic masculinity (Robert Connell 1996), i.e., men’s identity was construed as a universal model influencing society as well as politics. In this paper I present different forms of this discourse and outline the characteristic of the “true” muǧāhid, underscoring how this was built in order to define an imaged manhood.


Download data is not yet available.

Author Biography

Jolanda Guardi, University of Macerata
Jolanda Guardi currently teaches Arabic Literature and culture at the University of Macerata. She is the scientific director of the ILA-Arabic Certificate Program and Editor of Barzakh’s Series Translation from Arabic at Jouvence Publishing House. Guardi holds an International PhD in Anthropology from the Universitat Rovira i Virgili of Tarragona. Her research focuses on the dynamics of intellectuals and power especially as deployed in Arabic literature and gender issues and is based on feminist research methodology. Among her latest publications: (2018) Arabic Literary Narratives on Homosexuality. In Achim Rohde, Christina von Braun, Stefanie Schuler-Springorum (eds.), National Politics and Sexuality in Transregional Perspective. London and New York: Routledge.


Aghacy, Samira. 2007. Masculine Identity in the Fiction of the Arab East since 1967. Syracuse: Syracuse University Press.

Anker, Elizabeth R. 2014. Orgies of Feeling. Melodrama and the Politics of Freedom. Durham: Duke University Press.

Anseur, Fayçal. 2008. Le cinéma algérien est moribond… Interview avec Merzak Allouache. Le Matin d’Algerie. 18 avril. http://www.lematindz.net/news/1312-interview-merzak-allouache-le-cinema-algerien-est-moribond.html. (Ultimo accesso 22.12.2016).

Armes, Roy. 1999. Omar Gatlato de Merzak Allouache : un regard nouveau sur l’Algérie. Paris: L’Harmattan.

Austin, Guy. 2010. Against amnesia: representations of memory in Algerian cinema. Journal of African Cinemas 2/1: 27-35.

Austin, Guy. 2011. Spaces of the Dispossessed in Algerian Cinema. Modern & Contemporary France 19/2: 195-208.

Austin, Guy. 2012. Algerian National Cinema. Manchester and New York: Manchester University Press.

Austin, Guy. 2015. Representing Algerian War in Algerian Cinema: Le Vent des Aurès. French Studies 61/2: 182-195.

Baron, Beth. 2005. Egypt as a Woman. Nationalism, Gender, and Politics. Berkeley, Los Angeles and London: University of California Press.

Bellassai, Sandro. 2011. L’invenzione della virilità. Roma: Carocci.

Berger, Maurice, Wallis, Brian and Watson, Simon (eds.). 1995. Constructing Masculinities. London, New York: Routledge.

Boudjedra, Rachid. 1971. Naissance du cinéma algérien. Paris: Maspéro.

Boudjedra, Rachid. 1995. The Birth of Algerian Cinema. Alif: Journal of Comparative Poetics 15: 260-265.

Bourdieu, Pierre. 1998. La domination masculine. Paris: Editions du Seuil.

Brand, Laurie A. 2014. Official Stories. Politics and National narratives in Egypt and Algeria. Standford: Standford University Press.

Brun, Catherine et Shepard, Todd. 2016. Guerre d’Algèrie. Le sexe outrage. Paris: CNRS Editions.

Connell, Robert W. 2005. Masculinities. Berkeley and Los Angeles: University of California Press.

Constable, Liz. 2009. Hearing Cultures: Acoustic Architecture and Cinematic Soundscapes of Algiers in Merzak Allouache and Nadir Moknèche. Contemporary French Civilization: An Interdisciplinary Journal Devoted to the Study of French Speaking Cultures throughout the World 33/1: 179-208.

Enloe, Cynthia. 1990. Bananas, Beaches, and Bases: Making Feminist Senso of International Politics. Berkeley: University of California Press.

Fanon, Frantz. 1962. I dannati della terra. Torino: Einaudi [originale: Les damnés de la terre. Paris: Maspéro: 1961].

Fanon, Frantz. 2006. Scritti politici. Per una rivoluzione Africana. Vol. I. Roma: DeriveApprodi.

Gauch, Susanne. 2013. Impasses of Algerian Cinema. Third Text 27/2: 260-277.

Guardi, Jolanda. 2015. Etant entendu que parler c’est exister pour l’autre. Le donne algerine nella guerra di liberazione. Storia delle donne 10: 97-112.

Hadj-Moussa, Ratiba. 2008. Marginality and Ordinary Memory: body centrality and plea for recognition in recent Algerian films. The Journal of North African Studies 13/2: 187-199.

Hafez, Sabry. 1995. Shifting Identities in Maghribi Cinema: The Algerian Paradigma. Alif: Journal of Comparative Poetics 15: 39-80.

Higbee, Will. 2007. Locating the Postcolonial in Transnational Cinema: The Place of Algerian Émigré Directors in Contemporary French Film. Modern & Contemporary France 15: 1: 51-64.

Jacob, Wilson Chacko. 2011. Working out Egypt. Effendi Masculinity and Subject Formation in Colonial Modernity, 1870-1940. Durham and London: Duke University Press.

Khalil, Andrea. 2005. Interview with Merzaq Allouache. The Journal of North African Studies 10/2: 143-156.

Khalil, Andrea. 2007. The Myth of Masculinity in the Films of Merzak Allouache. The Journal of North African Studies 12/3: 329-345.

Khanna, Ranjana. 2008. Algeria Cuts. Womens & Representations, 1830 to the Present. Standford: Standford University Press.

Labter, Lazhari. 2009. Panorama de la bande dessinée algérienne 1969-2009. Alger: Labter Editions.

Maherzi, Lofti. 1982. Le Cinéma algérien: institutions, imaginaire, idéologie. Alger: SNED.

McClintock, Anne. 1995. Imperial Leather. Race, Gender and Sexuality in the Colonial Contest. New York, London: Routlege.

Mosse, George L. 1984. Sessualità e nazionalismo. Bari: Laterza.

Nagel, Joane. 1998. Masculinity and Nationalism: gender and sexuality in the making of nations. Ethnic and Racial Studies 21/2: 242-269.

Quinan, Christine. 2017. Postcolonial Memory and Masculinity in Algeria. Interventions 19/1: 17-35.

Roberts, Hugh. 2003. The Battlefield Algeria 1988-2002. Studies in a Broken Polity. London and New York: Verso.

Salhi, Kamal. 2008. Visualising postcolonial cultural politics in Algeria: from state cinema to cinema d’auteur. The Journal of North African Studies 13/4: 441-454.

Sharpe, Mani. 2015. Representing masculinity in postcolonial Algerian cinema. The Journal of North African Studies 20/3: 450-465.

Shepard, Todd. 2012. “Something Notably Erotic”: Politics, “Arab Men”, and Sexual Revolution in Post-Decolonization France 1962-1974. Journal of Modern History 84: 80-111.

Spivak. Gayatri Chakravorty. 1988. Can the Subaltern Speak? In Marxism and the Interpretation of Culture, edited by Carl Nelson and Lawrence Grossberg, 271-313. Urbana and Chicago: University of Illinois Press.

Taleb-Ibrahimi, Khaloua. 2004. Un cas exemplaire de métissage linguistique: les pratiques langagières des jeunes algériens. In Trames de langues. Usages et métissages linguistiques dans l’histoire du Maghreb, édité par Jocelyne Dakhlia, 439-454. Paris: Maisonneuve & Larose.

Tamzali, Wasyla. 1979. En attendant Omar Gatlato. Alger: ENAG.