Pratiche politiche neoliberiste e diseguaglianze di genere in India

  • Matilde Adduci School of Oriental and African Studies (SOAS), University of London
Keywords: neoliberalism, India, Odisha state, gender studies, labour


The article focuses on the living conditions of laboring-class women in neoliberal India, with attention to different dimensions of deprivation. In so doing, the paper initially accounts for the most salient features of the transition to neoliberalism in India, as well as for the increased pressure on women’s double burden of paid and unpaid work associated with neoliberal policies. Specific attention will be paid, on the one hand, to the unfolding of renewed processes of marginalization of female labour and, on the other hand, to the increase in women’s unpaid workload caused by cuts in public expenditures and privatization policies. The implications of these processes in terms of socio-economic distress, as well as ‘time poverty’, will be illustrated though a field-based analysis of the daily living conditions of fisherwomen in Chilika Lake, situated on the coast of the Indian state of Odisha.


Download data is not yet available.

Author Biography

Matilde Adduci, School of Oriental and African Studies (SOAS), University of London
Matilde Adduci is a Research Associate at the Department of Development Studies, School of Oriental and African Studies (SOAS), University of London. She holds a PhD from the University of Rome, and did her MSc in Development Studies at the School of Oriental and African Studies (SOAS), University of London. She has been a Lecturer in Political Science at the Department of Culture, Politics and Society at the University of Turin from 2012 till 2017. Her recent publications include: La questione sociale in India. Teoria Politica, Nuova Serie, Annali V: 271-285, 2015; Neoliberalism, Mining and Labour in the Indian state of Odisha: Outlining a Political Economy Analysis. Journal of Contemporary Asia 47/4: 596-614, 2017; Neoliberal Mining Policy and Adivasi Vulnerability in Odisha. In Transforming Tribal Economy, Culture and Society, edited by Nilakantha Panigrahi. New Delhi: Concept Publishing Company, forthcoming (2018).


Abraham, Vinoj. 2009. Employment Growth in Rural India: Distress-Driven? Economic and Political Weekly 44/16: 97-104.

Abraham, Vinoj. 2013. Missing Labour or Consistent “De-Feminisation”? Economic and Political Weekly 48/31: 99-108.

Adduci, Matilde. 2009. Neoliberal Wave Rocks Chilika Lake, India: Conflict over Intensive Aquaculture from a Class Perspective. Journal of Agrarian Change, 9/4: 484-511.

Matilde Adduci, Matilde. 2017. Neoliberalism, Mining and Labour in the Indian state of Odisha: Outlin-ing a Political Economy Analysis. Journal of Contemporary Asia 47/4: 596-614.

Byres, Terence J. (ed.). 1997. The State, Development Planning and Liberalisation in India. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Breman, Jan. 2013. At Work in the Informal Economy of India. New Delhi: Oxford University Press.

Breman, Jan. 2016. On Pauperism in present and Past. New Delhi: Oxford University Press.

Breman, Jan. India’s Social Question in a State of Denial. Economic and Political Weekly 45/23: 42-46.

Cahill, Damien. 2014. The End of Laissez-Faire? On The Durability of Embedded Neoliberalism. Cheltenham e Northampton: Edward Elgar.

Chandhoke, Neera e Praveev Priyadarshi. 2009. Introduction: Democracy in Contemporary India. In Contemporary India: Economy, Society, Politics, edited by Neera Chandhoke and Praveev Pri-yadarshi, vii-xvii. Delhi: Dorling Kindersley.

Chakravarty, Sukhamoy. 1987. Development Planning: The Indian Experience. New Delhi: Oxford Universi-ty Press.

Chandrasekhar, C. P. and Jayati Ghosh. 2004. The Market that Failed. Neoliberal Economy Reforms in India. New Delhi: LeftWord Books.

Corbridge, Stuart and John Harriss. 2000. Reinventing India. Cambridge: Polity Press.

De Neve, Geert. 2005. Weaving for IKEA in South India: Subcontracting, Labour Markets and Gender Relations in a Global Value Chain. In Globalizing India: Perspectives from Below, edited by Jackie Assayag e Chris J. Fuller, 89-115. London: Anthem.

Frankel, Francine. 2005. India’s Political Economy. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Fraser, Nancy. 2016. Contradictions of Capital and Care. New Left Review 100: 99-117.

Ghosh, Jayati. 2013. Growth and Emergent Constraints in the Indian Economy in the Context of Global Uncertainty. In Industrialization of China and India: Their Impacts on the World Economy, edited by Nobuharu Yokokawa, Jayati Ghosh e Robert Rowthorn, 173-194. London and New York: Routledge.

Ghosh, Jayati. 2014. Time Poverty and the Poverty of Economics, TG Narayan Memorial Lecture, Asian Col-lege of Journalism, Chennai, 11 December 2014.

Ghosh, Jayati. 2015. Growth, Industrailization and Inequality in India. Journal of the Asia Pacific Economy 2/1: 42-56.

Harriss-White, Barbara. 2010. Work and Wellbeing in Informal Economies: The Regulative Roles of In-stitutions of Identity and the State. World Development 38/2: 170-183.

Hirway, Indira. 2010. Understanding Poverty: Insights Emerging from Time Use of the Poor. In Unpaid Work in the Economy, edited by Rania Antonopoulos et al., 22-57. London: Palgrave.

Hirway, Indira. 2015. Unpaid Work and the Economy: Linkages and Their Implications. Working paper: Accesso: maggio 2017.

Jenkins, Rob. 1999. Democratic Politics and Economic Reform in India. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Kannan, K.P. 2014. Interrogating Inclusive Growth. London, New York, New Delhi: Routledge.

Kohli, Atul. 2006. Politics of Economic Growth in India, 1980-2005. Economic and Political Weekly 41/14: 1361-1370.

Lerche, Jens. 2010. From “rural labour” to “classes of labour”. In The Comparative Political Economy of Asia and Africa, edited by Barbara Harriss-White and Judith Heyer, 66-87. London: Routledge.

Mies, Maria. 1986. Patriarchy and Accumulation on a World Scale. London: Zed Books.

Mooji, Jos. 2005. The Politics of Economic Reforms in India: A Review of the Literature. In Rethinking Indian Political Institutions, edited by Crispin Bates and Subho Basu, 1-20. London: Anthem.

Levien, Michael. 2013. The Politics of Disposession: Theorizing India’s “Land Wars”. Politics and Society 41/3: 351-394.

Peck, Jamie. 1996. Work-Place: The Social Regulation of Labour Markets. New York: Guilford Press.

Prakash, Aseem. 2009. How (Un)free are Workers in the Labour Market? A Case Study of Brick Kilns. In India’s Unfree Workforce, edited by Jan Breman, Isabell Guérin, and Aseem Prakash, 259-283. Ox-ford: Oxford University Press.

Raveednran, Govindan. 2013. Home-Based Workers in India: Statistic and Trends. WIEGO 2013, 1-9. Accesso: giugno 2017.

Vanaik, Achin. 2014. India’s Landmark Election. In Socialist register 2015: Transforming Classes, edited by Leo Panitch and Greg Albo, 54-72. London: Merlin Press.