Politicizzazione del sacro e identità in Aurobindo Ghose (1872-1950)

  • Marco Castagnetto


The present contribution analyzes the political thought of philosopher and revolutionary Aurobindo Ghose in the wider scenario of Indian nationalism, highlighting the peculiar hermeneutics of hindū philosophical and religious tradition that he expressed through many articles on the main nationalist magazines. Furthermore, Aurobindo’s thought analogies and differences with the main exponents of anti-British interventionism will be contextualized. Some peculiar interpretations of the broad philosophical and religious tradition of India as theorized by Bal Gangadhar Tilak, Vinayak Damodar Savarkar and Madhav Sadashiv Golwalkar are particularly relevant, ideas through which an attempt was made to create a form of religiously legitimated ethno-nationalism stressing on the cultural, ethnic and spiritual primacy of hindū population. Finally, the paper will briefly discuss the influence of Aurobindo Ghose’s legacy on Rāṣṭrīya Svayaṃsēvaka Saṅgha’s political perspectives and on current Indian Prime Minister Narendra Damodardas Modi’s agenda.


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Author Biography

Marco Castagnetto

Marco Castagnetto Alessio is a PhD Student in Sociology of Religions at the Link Campus University in Rome. His research focuses on political interpretations of religious doctrines, with peculiar attention to Indian nationalism and new European right-wing groups. Among his main interests are the soteriological philosophies of India (especially advaita vedānta and mahāyāna buddhism) and the Western revival of pre-Christian polytheism. In 2020 he published in Italian Il loto e la spada. Il pensiero di Aurobindo Ghose e la sua ricezione in Occidente (Milano: Franco Angeli). He can be reached at: marco.castagnetto@gmail.com