RiCOGNIZIONI. Rivista di Lingue e Letterature straniere e Culture moderne 2020-12-31T11:16:37+01:00 La Redazione Open Journal Systems <p><em>RiCognizioni</em>&nbsp;is an open access, peer review journal hosting research on modern languages, literature and culture from both a disciplinary and interdisciplinary perspective. Its aim is to stimulate a dialogue between related scientific fields and encourage contact between different approaches.</p> <p>The journal welcomes contributions from scholars and young researchers on:</p> <ol> <li>writers, movements, world cultures</li> </ol> <ol start="2"> <li>new and still unexplored areas of language, literature and culture</li> </ol> <p>CrOCEVIA features papers dealing with different linguistic and cultural domains, converging around a common thematic core</p> <p>InCONTRI hosts debates on current issues related to the social and cultural scene in the form of a round table forum</p> <p>ItINERARI is a miscellaneous section with contribution from different areas of language, literature and culture</p> <p>PaSSAGGI features unpublished translations and provides a critical forum on the role of translators</p> <p>SeGNALI offers readers conference reports, book reviews and information about ongoing research projects&nbsp;</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p>ISSN 2384-8987</p> <p>* * *</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <div>&nbsp;</div> The Woman in the Spanish Civil War: Militancy, Memory, Exile 2020-12-31T11:00:29+01:00 Barbara Greco <p>Introduction to&nbsp;CrOCEVIA •&nbsp;<em>La donna nella guerra civile spagnola: militanza, memoria, esilio </em>(The Woman in the Spanish Civil War: Militancy, Memory, Exile), edited by Barbara GRECO</p> 2020-12-29T00:00:00+01:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## María Zambrano in the Chilean Trench of the Spanish Civil War 2020-12-31T11:01:12+01:00 Francisco José Martín <p>María Zambrano in the Chilean Trench of the Spanish Civil War studies of the Chilean<br>period of María Zambrano (November 1936-June 1937) with special attention to the double context<br>–Spanish and Chilean– of her writing. Study of the Chilean production of María Zambrano. Chile as<br>a belligerent space in the Spanish civil war and as the birthplace of poetic reason.</p> 2020-12-29T00:00:00+01:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## The intellectual militancy of María Teresa León: "Crónica general de la guerra civil" (1937) 2020-12-31T11:01:16+01:00 Barbara Greco <p>The Intellectual Militancy of María Teresa León: Crónica general de la guerra civil<br>(1937) studies the fervent cultural activity of the writer during the years of the Spanish Civil War.<br>After a first review of the most significant stages in Leon’s life, in which the author acquires a deep<br>political awareness, we examine the initiatives promoted during the war, within the “Alianza de Inte-<br>lectuales Antifascistas”, with special attention to the miscellaneous volume Crónica general de la<br>guerra civil, edited by León and published in 1937 on the occasion of the II International Congress of<br>Antifascist Writers.</p> 2020-12-29T00:00:00+01:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Deaf Screams from a War: The Image of Women in the Short Stories by María Luz Morales and Manuel Chaves Nogales 2020-12-31T11:01:09+01:00 Laura Pache Carballo <p>Literature allows reflection upon collective questions that become the reflection of values from a certain period. One of which is the role played by women within society through their representation in texts, an echo of our history. The concept of femininity is therefore not an isolated issue, but concerns the sociocultural legacy of civilisations, each succeeding the last –not exclusive to modernity– informing art itself and, as a result, becoming a mirror image of those sensibilities, which are bound by a particular weight of tradition. This study aims to briefly discuss the role of women in the Spanish Civil War in two volumes of short narrative forms in which we will find diverse female roles that range from those that are more linked to their historic dependency on men, as in the case of Manuel Chaves Nogales’ work (1937), and other examples that are clearly more emancipated, as in the work of María Luz Morales (1962).</p> 2020-12-29T00:00:00+01:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## A Shout Against Silence: Language of Trauma and Post-Memory in "La voz dormida" by Dulce Chacón 2020-12-31T11:01:00+01:00 Maria Isabella Mininni <p>...</p> 2020-12-29T00:00:00+01:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## A Photograph. A Narration. Kati Horna and the Spanish Civil War 2020-12-31T11:01:03+01:00 Lisa Pelizzon <p>In 2019, a re-<br>searcher found in Amsterdam the unknown negatives the Hungarian photographer Kati Horna took in<br>Spain during the Spanish Civil War, from January 1937 to March 1938. When the Second World War<br>broke out, Horna was forced to escape to Mexico and, in the attempt to save her work, she decided to<br>send it elsewhere. This unexpected discovery revives the cultural debate on three different aspects:<br>Kati Horna’s role as a Jewish woman photographer in Europe during the Thirties; her photographic<br>work and its peculiar way to use the picture as a powerful narration device; and finally, the necessity<br>to include her name among the important ones for her contribution to history and photography. These<br>aspects weave together and need to be explained through a biographic and visual path I propose for<br>this article.</p> 2020-12-29T00:00:00+01:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Victoria Kent: Solidarity and Editorial Commitment in the New York Exile 2020-12-31T11:00:57+01:00 Alessio Bottai <p>This essay retraces in a concised way certain stages of Victoria Kent's life, highlighting her commitment into the solidarity activities she did in the long time she was exiled, which started during the Spanish civil war. Her incredible work was spread through France, Mexico and United States. Victoria Kent's story here is retraced with the goal to find a common ground between her &nbsp;&nbsp;political and cultural commitment during her exile. In particular, but not exclusively, it dwells on her exile in the United States, retracing her activities, her connections, friends and cultural projects. One of her most important works was the <em>Ibérica</em>magazine in which, together with her partner Louise Crane, she put a lot of energy into. This lasted for over two decades, from 1953 to 1974.</p> 2020-12-29T00:00:00+01:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Peace to Beirut from my Heart 2020-12-31T11:00:17+01:00 Paola de Ruggieri <p>Illustration for InCONTRI&nbsp;• <em>Letteratura e alberi. Una tavola rotonda intorno e incontro agli alberi nelle letterature di lingua tedesca e di lingua inglese</em>, a cura di Carmen CONCILIO.</p> 2020-12-30T00:00:00+01:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Literature and Trees 2020-12-31T11:00:26+01:00 Carmen Concilio <p>The present contribution serves as an introduction to the Journal section entitled <em>InContri</em> (“encounters”), which is meant as a forum and as an open debate. In the specific case, a return to an ethics of “plant consciousness” is encouraged through the contribution that Literature and the Environmental Humanities do provide. As Richard Power’s novel <em>The Overstory</em> shows, writing about trees and electing them as protagonists is a rewarding experience also to the readers. Consequently, four academics present their scholarly research achievements and results in order to debate on the role of trees in German and Swiss Literatures, as well as in Palestinian Literature written in English and in English Renaissance Literature.</p> 2020-12-29T00:00:00+01:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Werther’s Lament for the Walnut Trees 2020-12-31T11:00:23+01:00 Silvia Ulrich <p>This paper aims to reread Goethe’s youthful epistolary novel The Sorrows of Young Werther, investigating in particular the role that trees play, both in the economy of the story and from the point of view of the alchemical-philosophical reflection of young Goethe. In particular, Paracelsus, the palingenesis of plants and the theory of signatures that make Werther not only an example of Goethe’s distance from the Sturm und Drang, but are the basis of the birth of a “classical” sensitivity. The latter will reach full maturity through the relationship of the Dichter and his character with nature (often erroneously understood as a pre-Romantic motif), specifically with trees, thanks also to the contribution of Spinoza’s philosophy. The walnut motif is exemplary in this sense, since it contrasts the human sense of the tragic with the calm evolution of nature, in which life, growth, reproduction and death follow one another without pathos. But Werther is also overcoming paracelsian alchemical studies, therefore the novel sublimates itself in the transition from nature to art, and in the latter field, it applies the theory of palingenesis to the regeneration of the Stoff. In this way Werther supports Goethe’s classicist turning point, as attested by the second edition of the novel of 1786, and his rebirth both in Goethes’s later works and in some of the 19th and 20th centuries. The role of trees in Werther ultimately shows an example of ecocritical thinking ante litteram.</p> 2020-12-29T00:00:00+01:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Rooted Characters in Uprooted Narrations 2020-12-31T11:00:40+01:00 Tamara Iaccio <p>The topic of trees is usually overlooked in narrative in spite of their being a ubiquitous element of any landscape. When it comes to Palestinian trees, though, a further consideration is due. In recent times, trees have actually become a common topic in any political discourse regarding both Palestinians and Israelis. Hence, their presence in Palestinian writings is usually interpreted as applying to one of the two political positions involved. By tracing and analysing the representation of trees in Palestinian literature, this paper will demonstrate how intrinsically important trees are, not only in the everyday lives of Palestinian people, but also within Palestinian culture, to the point that the respect for trees is passed down to the new diasporic generations of Palestinians scattered around the world. What is about to be discussed aims at showing the strong connection that all Palestinians have with the places and culture of their origins, this feeling of belonging emerging especially from writing dedicated to trees. By doing so this paper intends to offer a reading of Palestinian literature that looks beyond political and historical claims.</p> 2020-12-29T00:00:00+01:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## “The Gnarled Trunks Were Speaking a Primordial Language” 2020-12-31T11:01:20+01:00 Anna Fattori <p>The essay examines the relationship between trees and the human in the work of the<br>Swiss-German author Robert Walser (1878-1956). Starting from the early poems and short stories to<br>the late microscripts (Mikrogramme), trees are anthropomorphized: not only can they think, feel and<br>in some cases speak, but they do suffer too and feel empathy with human beings. In the Jahrhundert-<br>wende Walser’s ecocentrical concern anticipates the Naturlyrik of Erika Burkart, one of the most dis-<br>tinguished poets of contemporary Swiss-German literature, and also relevant issues of the German<br>ecological movements which rose in the 70s and in the 80s.</p> 2020-12-29T00:00:00+01:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## The The Judgement of Trees 2020-12-31T11:00:32+01:00 Lucia Folena <p>Etymologically and historically, a forest is a quintessential Elsewhere, a space located “outside” the bounds of the human community and its rules and conventions, whether officially by a decree or psychologically by its essential unknowability and the potential threats it conceals. Hostile or dangerous beings – fierce beasts, wild men, outlaws, bandits, witches assisted by evil spirits, elves and fairies – roam its shadows. The literary forest, from the middle ages onwards, has the same features. In a number of plays Shakespeare rewrites this tradition, turning the forest into a variant of the “second world” or “green world” — a temporary setting that makes it possible for humans to imagine a society better than their own and to correct the iniquities and corruptions which afflict them in their normal existential contexts. In association with the frequent representation of the natural environment as a theatre, this has the effect of ideally including the audience in the action and of prompting its components to experience, no matter how vicariously, an analogous process of regeneration. <em>As You Like It</em> is particularly significant in this regard; moreover, the presence and function of trees in this comedy is so central as to invest vegetal life with the role of a protagonist.</p> 2020-12-29T00:00:00+01:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## The Importance of Being Treacherous 2020-12-31T11:00:36+01:00 Pier Paolo Piciucco <p>The possible link in the parallel stories that overlap in the elaborate plot of <em>Flood of Fire</em> (2015) by Amitav Ghosh may be identified in the repeated actions of betrayal, occurring as a part of a sentimental, military, or ideological conspiracy and involving all the protagonists of the narratives. Far from evaluating them as immoral, however, the narrator seems to go to great lengths to demonstrate that, although this recurrent switching-of-sides at the moment causes stress and pain to many characters, these actions invariably prove to be the only fitting solutions to major problems in the long term. This expedient is used by Ghosh in order to validate the prominent theory in Cultural Studies that identities are constantly modified and treacherous attitudes are inevitable.</p> 2020-12-29T00:00:00+01:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## The Cryptic Matter of an Aside in Cervantes’ Masterpiece "El retablo de las maravillas" 2020-12-31T11:00:43+01:00 Ilenia Spitale <p>This article outlines an attempt to find the possible reason at the base of the linguistic incoherence of the attribution of an aside in Cervantes’ masterpiece <em>El retablo de las maravillas</em>, a very interesting work which, through a subtle irony, shads a light on the importance of being Christian and legitimate child to be part of a society based on appearances and prejudices. The characters at issue are the governor and <em>Capacho</em>. At first, it seemed like this incoherence was due to a temporal reason. It was reasonable to consider that until a determined period it was assigned to one of them, regardless the language and the author, and from that moment on, to the other one. But that was not the case, indeed. A further and deeper analysis was needed to figure out what might be the reason for such an incoherence, and, apart from that a curious argument is: what character best fits the aside? As it will come out from this article, Nicholas Spadaccini, which is the author of a recent version of the Spanish masterpiece in question, contributed to corroborating my hypothesis, herein argued.</p> 2020-12-29T00:00:00+01:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Thomas Jefferson on Private Property 2020-12-31T11:01:24+01:00 Maurizio Valsania <p class="Default2">&nbsp;Thomas Jefferson is sometimes presented as a radical egalitarian—the same figure upon<br>which early nineteenth-century American socialists built their theories. But he did not condemn private<br>property. By the same token, he did not advocate redistribution. In the Declaration of Independence,<br>Jefferson omitted to list property among inalienable rights because he had good reasons to do so. For<br>him, property neither fostered a society of self-seekers, nor promoted a purely instrumental and ad-<br>versarial relationship between individuals and the political community. Jefferson was no utopian,<br>either in the sense that he wanted redistribution, or in the sense the he was nostalgic about the “simpler”<br>societies of the past. Rather, Jefferson’s sole “utopianism” was enticed by the thought that in America,<br>after the Revolution, there was no urgent need of further redistribution.</p> 2020-12-29T00:00:00+01:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## The Language of AFD 2020-12-31T11:16:37+01:00 Eugenio Verra <p>The <em>Alternative für Deutschland </em>(AfD) is a young German right-wing party, whose success at the last federal election 2017 was considered unexpected. One of the reasons for this result lies certainly in the language they resort to. Among the many linguistic studies about this party, no one seems to have focused on <em>political talk shows</em>, that is, “hybrid” situations, in which institutional and everyday elements merge and political actors “stage” their ideas and personal profiles for their positive self-presentation. Therefore, this article aims at analysing the language used by the two leading candidates of the party for the federal elections 2017, Gauland and Weidel, in political talk shows which took place between that and the previous year. Drawing mainly on the politlonguistic frame of analysis, combined with other tools derived from the <em>Sprachkritik </em>and the conversation analysis, this investigation sheds light on the main lexical-semantic, rhetorical-argumentative, pronominal and other strategies put into practice by the party in political televised debates.</p> 2020-12-29T00:00:00+01:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## [rev. of] Lorenzo FRANCIOSINI, "Gramatica spagnola e italiana (1624)", estudio y edición crítica de Félix San Vicente, Padova, CLEUP, 2018 2020-12-31T11:00:50+01:00 María Felisa Bermejo Calleja <p>[rev. of] Lorenzo FRANCIOSINI, <em>Gramatica spagnola e italiana (1624</em>), estudio y edición crítica de Félix San Vicente, Padova, CLEUP, 2018</p> 2020-12-29T00:00:00+01:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## [rev. of] Anne-Rose MEYER (Hrsg.), "Internet – Literatur – Twitteratur. Erzählen und Lesen im Medienzeitalter. Perspektiven für Forschung und Unterricht", Berlin-Bern-Bruxelles-New York-Oxford-Warszawa-Wien, Peter Lang, 2019 2020-12-31T11:00:20+01:00 Paola Del Zoppo <p>[rev. of] Anne-Rose MEYER (Hrsg.), <em>Internet – Literatur – Twitteratur. Erzählen und Lesen im Medienzeitalter. Perspektiven für Forschung und Unterricht</em>, Berlin-Bern-Bruxelles-New York-Oxford-Warszawa-Wien, Peter Lang, 2019</p> 2020-12-29T00:00:00+01:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## [rev. of] Pierangela DIADORI, Stefania CARPICECI, Giuseppe CARUSO, "Insegnare italiano L2 con il cinema", Roma, Carocci, 2020 2020-12-31T11:00:53+01:00 Yahis Martari <p>[rev. of] Pierangela DIADORI, Stefania CARPICECI, Giuseppe CARUSO, <em>Insegnare italiano L2 con il cinema</em>, Roma, Carocci, 2020</p> 2020-12-29T00:00:00+01:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## [rev. of] Anna CIOTTA, "La forma della luce nella pittura di Francesco Lojacono. Una lettura della sua opera nel quadro di alcune esperienze della pittura di paesaggio italiana ed europea del XIX secolo", Milano, Franco Angeli, 2019 2020-12-31T11:01:06+01:00 Javier Martínez Fernández <p>[rev. of] Anna CIOTTA, <em>La forma della luce nella pittura di Francesco Lojacono. Una lettura della sua opera nel quadro di alcune esperienze della pittura di paesaggio italiana ed europea del XIX secolo</em>, Milano, Franco Angeli, 2019</p> 2020-12-29T00:00:00+01:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement##